All the care to give to your dog when he is sick. The first actions and reflexes to have to treat his dog.
Dog Care- Is my dog allergic?
Some allergic manifestations of the dog can occur as a result of insect bites, contact with chemicals, ingestion of allergenic foods or spoiled protein substances.
These symptoms quickly affect the dog after contact or ingestion.
How to recognize allergies in dogs?
Allergic reactions in dogs are especially noticeable in the skin with the following symptoms: redness, itching and peeling where the skin has come into contact with toxic substances. This is all the more marked in the case of a bite or an insect bite: an epidermal reaction then takes place at the place concerned, with infiltration of the subcutaneous tissue and swelling.
Allergies related to the digestive system, most often related to the ingestion of an allergenic substance, cause violent bouts of vomiting and diarrhea.
In all cases, it is recommended to validate the diagnosis of allergy with his veterinarian because cutaneous or intestinal symptoms may be the cause of other diseases.
What to do in case of allergy?
If the allergy comes from an insect bite, the affected area should be thoroughly cleaned. If the stinger remained in the wound, remove it with tweezers. If the infected area is large enough, it is recommended to administer anti-inflammatories to your dog.
If, on the other hand, the intestinal tract is affected, it is advisable to administer anti-emetic drugs (which act against vomiting and nausea) in the case of violent and repeated vomiting or antidiarrheals if the subject has attacks of dysentery (that is, frequent, watery stools that may be mixed with blood or mucus).
How to avoid allergies?
If the allergy has been caused by a substance in a specific food, you should immediately eliminate the offending food from your dog’s diet. The same measure is to be taken when it comes to substances or substances causing contact allergies, such as a flea product, a shampoo, etc.
If your dog has an allergic ground or a known allergy and you can not avoid contact with the allergen (such as insects like wasp type), it is advisable to always have at hand in his first aid kit. antihistamines prescribed by the veterinarian, to react quickly in case of a problem, provided you are sure that the symptoms are indicative of an allergy and not of another possible disease.
Dog Care- Does my dog have fever?
When sick, a dog can have a fever. It is therefore important to know the clinical signs in order to be able to intervene quickly and look after your animal.
The normal temperature of the dog is between 38 ° C and 39 ° C . The body temperature is kept constant thanks to a regulation system controlled by a kind of thermostat.
If the temperature rises, a set of mechanisms is triggered (like panting) to cool the body. If the temperature decreases, it is the opposite: the hair bristles to increase the thickness of the fur and better protect the dog from the cold.
Fever, a common symptom in dogs
The fever in dogs is a symptom observed in a large number of diseases. If, in general, the causes of fever are easy to identify, there are rarer and more complex cases of hyperthermia that are difficult to diagnose.
Dog Care- Heat stroke in dogs.
This type of symptom occurs in dogs exposed for too long to very humid heat, or under stressful situations (animals locked in a small space, such as a car trunk). Among the most easily affected are obese or old dogs, animals with cardiovascular disease and brachycephalic dogs (Boxer, etc.).
They cause fever (41 to 43 ° C), resulting in alterations of all the apparatus of the body. We find the dog in a state of collapse, panting, with drool at the edge of the mouth, and in such a prostration that it is impossible for him to stand on his feet.
What to do in case of heat stroke?
First step to take: try to lower the fever as fast as possible. Immerse the whole animal in cold water, or cover it with wet cloths. It is also recommended to clean the oral cavity, to facilitate breathing. After doing this first aid, lay the dog in a quiet, cool and well ventilated area.
How to avoid heatstroke?
In hot, humid weather in the summer, never leave your dog in the car, or in tight, poorly ventilated areas.
Dog Care- My dog has cough
Cough in dogs is caused by a reflex. It allows the expulsion of any irritating product from the respiratory tract. Once again, the causes of coughs are extremely numerous: viruses, parasites, bacteria, heart failure, tumors, etc.
If your dog coughs you can always take the temperature of your pet, to possibly identify an infectious cause. In all cases, the cough should be stopped quickly to avoid permanent irreversible damage.
The diagnosis will be specified thanks to complementary examinations: auscultation, percussion, radiography …
Dog Care- My dog has a cold
Your dog’s nose runs and he sneezes. In general, colds are mild and heal quickly. The dog’s cold is not contagious for humans because the viruses in question are not the same. The disease begins when it is cold, and the natural defense mechanisms of the body are less effective. Viruses, carried by the wind, easily infect other dogs.
But if the bacteria get involved and trigger an infection, the dog’s condition can be degraded due to bronchitis or pneumonia. Puppies and older dogs are the most sensitive, and will need special monitoring during risky times.
The dog’s nose can also flow for reasons other than colds; for example, if a foreign body has entered a nostril …
Dog Care- My dog has bad breath
Why does my dog have bad breath?
When your dog eats, deposits on his teeth what is called dental plaque. This dental plaque accumulates gradually, then it hardens and turns into tartar . This tartar is easily recognizable, it is firmly attached to the tooth, yellow – brown, and especially it gives off a foul odor . This pie causes bad breath, but it also has negative consequences on the health of your companion (inflammation of the gums, loosening of the teeth among others).
Brushing and removal as solutions
The only way to remove this scale and treat its consequences is to have your veterinarian perform a descaling procedure . Performed under anesthesia, this descaling is very effective and painless.
In order to slow down the appearance of tartar, it is possible to regularly brush the teeth of his dog. It may seem far-fetched but it is not at all the case. To learn how, visit our video: how to brush my dog’s teeth .
There are diseases other than the presence of tartar which can cause bad breath. Do you have a doubt? Consult your veterinarian.
In conclusion : tartar is the first cause of bad breath in dogs. Only descaling performed by a veterinarian will remove it but brushing teeth can slow down its deposit. Finally, let’s not forget that some diseases cause bad breath.
Dog Care- My dog get’s blood in urine
Blood in your dog’s urine can come from the genital tract or the urinary tract (kidneys, bladder, urinary tract …).
It will be necessary to locate the origin of the bleeding before proposing a treatment and making a forecast. The urine can also be coffee-colored, by the presence of hemoglobin resulting from the bursting of red blood cells parasitized by the piroplasm.
The observations of the owner are very useful to the veterinarian for his diagnosis: color of urine, frequency of urination, signs of pain …
Dog Care- My dog often urinates a lot (polyuria)
The polyuria (increased urination) is often associated with polydipsia (increased thirst). These symptoms are caused by various pathologies. The diagnosis uses laboratory tests.
Before thinking about an illness, one must try to measure the amount of water absorbed, because sometimes the owner is deceived in his judgment. For a healthy pet dog, which does not effort, fed a household ration, the daily needs are of the order of 20 ml / kg.
That is, a dog weighing 12 kilos will absorb about a quarter of a liter of water a day. Dogs that eat dry foods need to absorb more water than dogs who eat boxes, which are much richer in water. It is necessary to know if the dog is under medical treatment.
Certain medications, such as corticosteroids or diuretics, increase diuresis and thirst. Among the causes of polyuro-polydipsia, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the most common cause. In order to compensate for the decreased ability of normal concentration of the kidneys, the dog will increase the amount of urine emitted. CKD is very common in dogs over ten years old.
Infection of the uterus, or pyometra, is also responsible for polyuropydipsia. This is, by the way, sometimes the only symptom that alerts the owner in this case. Diabetes mellitus (endocrine pancreas dysfunction), diabetes insipidus (pituitary dysfunction), and Cushing’s syndrome, caused by adrenal gland disorders, are also noteworthy.
Cushing’s syndrome is characterized by skin lesions. Differential diagnosis involves additional examinations. Blood tests will measure blood sugar, or blood glucose, as well as measure other parameters to detect an infection. The urinalysis gives information on the amount of sugar in the urine, the density of the urine, etc.
These exams are relatively simple to practice and analyze, inexpensive, and they can very quickly guide the diagnosis. Sometimes it is necessary to perform other heavier exams, as well as kidney biopsies. Of course, the treatment will come from the diagnosis. IRCs are compensated by a diet. Hysterectomy, or removal of the uterus, is currently the only solution to effectively treat pyometers.
Medical treatments are very random. Diabetes mellitus almost always requires the daily injection of insulin by the owner. The dose should be calculated and adjusted as blood glucose progresses. A diet is prescribed to supplement the medical treatment.
Polyuro-polydipsia is a complex syndrome that can result from a wide variety of unrelated causes that only a clinical examination completed by laboratory tests can identify.
Dog Care- My dog has convulsions
Seizures in dogs are the most common emergencies among nervous symptoms. Before looking for the origin, some precautions must be taken.
In case of convulsions
Surround the dog with cushions, without moving him, so that he does not hurt himself by banging his head on the ground. Make sure he does not have his head back and pull the tongue out of his mouth.
Do not try to tell him to stop, he does not hear you, do not scream and put him in a room without sound or light stimulation. It is then time to ask where it can come from.
This is the most common cause. The crisis lasts from a few seconds to a few minutes even if it seems like hours. It stops, in general, alone. Its characteristic is the alternation of pedaling movements and extreme contractions of the legs.
The mode of initiation is unknown, it is suspected excessive irritation of a brain area. It is very difficult to prevent a crisis because any emotion can be at the origin: a fear, a joy, a noise …
Convulsions due to intoxication
This is a more serious cause that needs to be treated quickly. For example, the antilimaces contain metaldehyde, powerful convulsive. The product is blue, the language takes this color.
The dog jumps at the slightest sound or touch. Strychnine also causes this type of reaction. Only samples can certify poisoning.
Dog Care- My dog has epileptic seizures
The epileptic fits in dogs are very impressive. The owner does not know what to do. The crisis lasts from a few seconds to several minutes. Often, it is preceded by a time during which the dog seems lost.
The dog hides or wanders aimlessly, then loses consciousness, falls to the ground and shows convulsions, signs of pedaling; he often urinates and defecates. His jaw slams and saliva flows. Gradually, the convulsions diminish in intensity and then disappear, and the dog returns to a completely normal state, almost as if nothing had happened. Sometimes he looks a little dazed.
The crisis is triggered by abnormal stimulation of an area of the brain. The causes of crises are numerous. Inflammations of the brain, or encephalitis, can cause epileptic seizures. In the same way, tumors of the brain can be implicated. Some general diseases stimulate the brain and trigger a crisis.
When a known cause can not be determined, it is said to be an essential epilepsy . Essential epilepsy always appears before the age of three.
Cases of epileptic seizures in dogs are rare but some breeds are predisposed. The symptoms of seizures are always identical and occur at specific intervals.
The rabies virus and distemper attack the central nervous system, and can cause seizures. Roundworms can lodge in the brain and cause seizures. Following head trauma, the dog may develop seizures as areas of brain scarring may become the triggering seat for seizures. A stress event will help trigger the crisis; for example, the visit to the vet, the arrival of a new animal …
At the root of these impressive symptoms, one can also find metabolic disorders: for example, hypocalcemia (decreased calcium in the blood) – common in lactating bitches – or hypoglycemia (decreased blood sugar). You may also find kidney failure, or liver disease (hepatic encephalopathy).
When the dog is presented to the veterinarian, the crisis is over. It is therefore necessary that the owner can report to the veterinarian as much information as possible about the crisis and its outbreak: does the dog often have seizures? At what age did he have his first crisis? What time separates two crises? …
The veterinarian performs a complete examination of the nervous system, and considers a blood test, an X-ray of the skull, possibly a CT scan, etc. As you can see, epileptic seizures are not easy to diagnose and the causes are numerous, sometimes trivial and not serious, sometimes serious and serious.
To treat, it is obviously necessary to remove the cause that we have identified. If it is essential epilepsy, the treatment will be put in place only if the frequency of the crises is important. It can be considered from a crisis a month, and more. The treatment is quite heavy, since it must be administered daily to the dog drugs throughout his life. It is possible to learn to detect the outbreak of a crisis. You have to talk to the dog and reassure him.
It must be installed in a calm and dark, safe from any object that could hurt him. It is also possible to act during a seizure by intramuscular, intravenous or rectal injection of anticonvulsants. You will have to learn how to live with your epileptic dog, who can have a normal life by following a treatment.
Dog Care- My dog is lame
The lameness in dogs is a symptom caused by pain. The causes are, again, multiple and not always easy to identify. At first, it is obviously imperative to put the dog at rest.
You can then examine each member, manipulating them gently. You may be able to detect the presence of a wound, a foreign body present between the fingers, or an abnormal size that could be an inflammation or abscess.
In mild cases, a rest of a few days will be enough for everything to return to normal. If the lameness persists, a medical examination is necessary, supplemented by an x-ray to detect a more serious pathology.
Dog Care- My dog has an abscess
The abscess is a mass of pus in a cavity created by inflammation of the soft parts. This inflammation is due to pyogenic bacterial agents installed on a foreign body then covered with a capsule by reaction of the tissues of the body.
Abatement, inappetence, fever, pains limited to the sick parts which are swollen.
Antibiotics. Sometimes the abscess abates completely; at other times, it requires surgery.
Dog Care- Losses in female dogs
Apart from losses of blood and mucus during the heat season, all other vulvar losses are suspect. Remember that heat losses occur on average twice a year in dogs.
Abnormal vulvar losses are caused by diseases of the genital tract or the urinary tract. It is always useful to know the date of the last heat.
An early diagnosis will prevent the development of serious diseases, especially metritis, whose prognosis is always reserved and against which hysterectomy, or removal of the uterus, is often the only solution.
Dog Care- Breast Tumors in female dogs
By stroking your dog, you have detected a size on her breasts. Cyst or tumor, these sizes must always be seriously examined.
Breast tumors are common in females older than eight years old. Benign tumors and malignant tumors should be removed before reaching too large a size or causing widespread cancer. The malignant tumors are impressive.
The histological analysis of the laboratory will make it possible to define precisely the nature of the size, and therefore the prognosis.
Dog Care- Eclampsia in female dogs
The dog may be prone to this syndrome during the breastfeeding period and, exceptionally, before delivery. The eclampsia is actually tetany caused by a lack of calcium, and most frequently manifests itself in small breeds or in bitches who have had a large litter.
How to recognize eclampsia?
In the beginning, the dog becomes nervous, agitates all the time, its muscles harden and contract suddenly, and there is a lack of coordination of movements, followed by a loss of balance.
The muscular contractions are generalized and increase in intensity. The animal is more and more anxious, with brief and accelerated breathing. If one does not intervene quickly, the animal may die.
What to do in case of eclampsia?
Perform intravenous calcium injections: the dosage will be defined according to the severity of the symptoms and the size of the animal. At the same time, you will need to remove the cubs from the mother, and feed them with artificial milk for at least twenty-four hours.
Indeed, the calcium contained in the body of the animal is automatically sent into the breast milk: by feeding continuously, the puppies stimulate the production of milk and therefore of calcium.
What not to do in case of eclampsia?
Intravenous calcium can only be administered with great care. If it occurs too abruptly, or too much dosage, it can cause cardiac arrest.
How to avoid eclampsia?
It is not always possible to prevent this type of situation. As a precaution, systematically add adequate amounts of vitamins and minerals to your dog’s food while breastfeeding.
If she has ever been prone to such seizures, never leave her alone for too long during the breastfeeding period, and help her by feeding some (or all) puppies with artificial milk.
Dog Care- My dog is excited frequently
Mock mating on cushions or legs occurs with dogs in perpetual sexual arousal.
If this behavior is caused by the presence of a bitch in heat in the neighborhood, it will be necessary to be armed with patience, and everything will return in the order. On the other hand, if this behavior is spontaneous, it is necessary to administer sedatives to the dog.
The drugs are unfortunately not always effective, and in really embarrassing cases, your veterinarian can consider with you to decide to castrate the overflowing male.