Dog Problems- My dog rubs his eyes
The dog rubs his eyes with his paws. By examining the dog’s eye more closely, we see that it is redder. A transparent or yellow liquid flows and sticks the hairs of the face, forming a dirty trail on each side.
Conjunctivitis , keratitis , corneal ulcers … An ophthalmic solution will allow you to clean the eye, at first, avoiding to apply any “eye drops to do everything”, sometimes dangerous.
If watering persists for more than one day, present your dog to the veterinarian .
Dog Problems- My dog has an eye or red eyes
The redness of the dog’s eyes is a sign to watch for during eye care. If your dog has red eyes it is never normal except on dogs of the molosse type whose eyes are very drooping.
The red eye has many affections. The animal can present a simple conjunctivitis, a keratitis (inflammation of the cornea, uveitis …). In this case, a veterinary consultation is necessary.
The cleaning products are only to be used on a healthy eye or before a treatment prescribed by a veterinarian to potentiate the eye drops. The most classic case of a red eye permanently is that of entropion-ectropion.
Dog Problems- Conjunctivitis in dogs
Common enough, the junctive must still be taken seriously. Once the symptoms are identified, all that remains is to take care of the treatment according to your dog’s needs.
The conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, which may be due to an allergy, a twig in the eye or general disease ( distemper ).
The conjunctivitis of the dog is manifested by a red eye, watery eyes and swelling of the conjunctiva. The dog can have the eye closed.
If the flow is clear, the affection is not very serious. If he is purulent, he must be worried. The treatment consists of instillation of eye drops antiseptics and antibiotics. Subconjunctival injections may be considered.
Dog Problems- My dog has a problem in the eyes
The dog’s eyes can be affected by several types of infections, including various symptoms: watery eyes, white of the red eye, dilated pupil, swelling, etc. These symptoms can also be the consequence of a trauma (car accident, fight between congeners, etc.). In any case, it is imperative to consult a veterinarian promptly.
Review of three eye infections that can affect the dog’s eyes following trauma.
There are two types of glaucoma, primary glaucoma, which is a congenital eye development disorder (specific to certain breeds), and secondary glaucoma, a consequence of another eye disease such as inflammation (following a fight, barbed wire), to a tumor, to a trauma or to a displacement of the lens.
The symptoms of glaucoma are of three types: eye pain, loss of vision, change in the appearance of the eye (opaque color). The observation of at least one of these three signs should lead you to consult your veterinarian.
The urgency in case of acute glaucoma is due to the pain of this condition and the risk of damage to the optic nerve that could cause blindness (the dog is blind). The eye of the dog seems to grow (hence the name of buphthalmia or “bull’s eye”), the pupil is completely dilated, it is in mydriasis and appears all black.
The vessels around the eye (the sclera) are very dilated and the “white” of the eye appears red. All these symptoms follow an increase in pressure of the intraocular fluid. The veterinarian will instill specific eye drops to stop the pain and reduce the pressure.
The bulging eye
In case of fight or violent shock with a car for example, it is possible that the eye of the dog does not come out of its orbit. It must then be put back in place as soon as possible to avoid any complications.
If the veterinarian is too far away, you will have to act yourself: take the eyeball between two compresses soaked in saline and push it into the orbit. If you do not feel able to, attach a compress on it to protect it from infections while you go to the vet.
The more the eye spends time outside its orbit, the greater the risk of infection.
They are most often due to chemicals that the dog wanted to see too closely. The curious dips his paw in it, shakes it and drops thus reach his eye. The pain is then immediate and the cornea is attacked.
As a matter of urgency, rinse the eye with warm, clear water and apply a saline compress, then go to your vet immediately.
It is important to consult even if the dog seems to be better, because in case of complications, an ulcer can develop in a few days.
Dog Problems- Pathological flow from the dog’s eyes
Any discharge of the dog ‘s eye , called epihora, which is not clear but purulent must lead to consultation. There is always a production of tears, but it does not cause any flow in the eyes since the tears are evacuated at the level of the tear ducts and therefore arrive on the truffle through the nostrils.
When you notice a clear or purulent discharge during your regular inspection, you must act. In the case of clear discharge, it is most often of tear ducts, especially on small breed dogs.
The lacrimal apparatus consists of lacrimal glands and lacrimal ducts. The most common condition is clogging of the ducts, more rarely an infection. It is common in some dogs of small breed: Poodle, Yorkshire, Bichon …
A permanent flow in the inner corner of the eye discolours the hair. It is the tears that can not flow normally through the clogged channel, are evacuated at the corner of the eye. Regular cleaning helps to limit this phenomenon. The channels can also be opened under anesthesia.
They are always due to a spikelet that has passed through the corner of the eye. It is found in the channel that is infected. A warm and painful lump appears on the side of the muzzle. You have to incise. In this case, the flow is purulent. You must consult a veterinarian because surgery is necessary.
Dog Problems- Dirty eye of the dog: keratoconjunctivitis
Your dog has a dirty eye? Be careful there is a very special case: keratoconjunctivitis sicca . You will clean every day the dog ‘s eye , it will cover constantly crusts and will always look dirty.
This frequent affection in Cockers is due to a lack of secretion of tears, the eye is dry. The treatment consists in instilling regularly artificial tears in the form of eye drops.
Dog Problems- Keratitis in dogs
The keratitis is an inflammation of the cornea caused by a cat’s claw, a branch or a virus. A small white dot appears on the cornea.
It must be treated quickly to avoid the ulcer. Conjunctivitis is often associated. Any spot on the cornea requires a visit to the veterinarian. Avoid setting up a treatment based on any eye drops that can worsen the situation.
Dog Problems- Entropion and ectropion in dogs
Entropion is a coil of the eyelid inward of the cornea. The eyelashes are then in contact with the cornea and this bad position quickly causes inflammation of the cornea by rubbing the eyelashes.
Some breeds of dogs are much more prone to this malformation: the Chow-chow, the Saint-Bernard, the Great Dane, the Beauceron … The eye runs constantly. An intervention allows to draw on the eyelid to move away from the cornea. Otherwise, permanent care will be needed.
The ectropion is the turning of the eyelid outwards, which leaves the conjunctiva in contact with the air. Conjunctivitis appears quickly. Some breeds are also predisposed: the Cocker and the races with pendulous chins. One operation is to reposition the eyelid.
Dog Problems- Cataract of the dog
The cataracts in dogs is the clouding of the lens. It can be congenital or acquired (it occurs during a trauma or a metabolic disease).
Decreased visual acuity that worsens as the disease progresses.
In the initial phase, the progression of the disease can be slowed by the use of eye drops. But in advanced forms, surgery is the only treatment possible.
Dog Problems- My dog is scratching his ears
Your dog scratches his ears with his hind legs and shakes his head? Looking more closely, the dog’s ears are dirty and inflamed, and often they give off an unpleasant odor.
Prevention against this type of pathology is to regularly clean the ears with a suitable product. Parasites, fungi, bacteria and foreign bodies are easily lodged in the deep and well-supplied auditory canals of dogs.
If the pain is strong or sudden, and the smell very unpleasant, the hygienic treatment will not be enough, and will have to be supplemented by a medical treatment, even surgical in the most serious cases.
In case of suppurative otitis , a specific antibiotic will be prescribed by your veterinarian .
Dog Problems- My dog has an ear infection
The ear infection is the result of inflammation of the ear canal or the dog’s inner ear which can be of various origins: bacteria, parasite, fungus or foreign body.
The dog shakes his head and scratches his ear, or complains continuously. In severe cases, he leans his head to the side of the sick ear.
Depending on the case, it is appropriate to proceed to the local application of antibacterial, antiparasitic or antifungal products.
Dog Problems- My dog seems deaf
We talk about deafness if the hearing is partially or totally impaired. The ear , you know, are very common in dogs. Otitis can affect the outer, middle or inner ear. A poorly treated ear or foreign body piercing the eardrum can cause deafness. It is also possible that tumors develop in the ear and decrease hearing.
There are toxic drugs for the ear that can be used without control to cause deafness. But the most common cause of deafness is aging. As is often the case in humans, with age, the dog hears less well.
All races are concerned . There are also inherited and congenital deafness. At birth, puppies are deaf for about a fortnight. Then, in the weeks that follow, they show that they begin to recognize the noises that they like and those they fear.
The puppies are very well oriented by their sense of smell, especially to find their mother, and they must be carefully observed to detect deafness. Often the deaf puppy shouts louder than the others because he does not get along. He sleeps longer, and wakes up after everyone. Older dogs, whose hearing is bad, should be watched especially as they have trouble finding their way around and are at risk of an accident because they do not hear cars.
If the veterinarian detects an otitis or tumor, it is necessary, of course, to treat the disease first. But in case of deafness, veterinarians currently have little means to treat dogs, and amplifiers used in humans are difficult to carry by animals.
Your dog will have to learn to obey you. Deaf dogs are more attentive than others and compensate for their handicap by developing their other senses.
Dog Problems- Dog’s teeth: problems and dental care
The dog may be subject to different dental conditions. You must then lavish several types of care on the dog’s mouth and teeth . Here is the list.
This condition is more common in older dogs and is mainly found on the upper molars . It is actually an infection of the alveolar bone. The most obvious manifestation is the presence of a ball under the eye. On palpation, this swelling is soft, hot and painful.
Spot treatment is antibiotics and removal of the tooth is often necessary. It is done under anesthesia and it is sometimes necessary to cut the tooth in two beforehand to allow extraction because the roots are numerous and curved.
This is the scholarly name for an irritation that quickly turns into a generalized infection of the mouth . Tartar, but also bones stuck in the jaw, are often at the origin of a development of pus in the gums and the edge of the tooth, which is manifested by a slight whitish deposit and a very bad breath. The search for the cause is part of the treatment, putting on antibiotics is essential.
They are quite rare in dogs, but the complications are frequent : pulpitis and destruction of the crown. Caries in dogs is essentially at the level of the collar (separation between the root and the crown).
The dog feels a sharp pain, it is no longer feeding or seems to have great difficulty swallowing. Currently, extraction is the most suitable solution to prevent recurrence. According to a recent study, 80% of dogs over the age of 5 have a dental disease.
Dental care of the dog
Care during dental flares
The puppy’s gums are very red; he tries to nibble and drool. Here are some tips:
- apply an ice cube on the gums
- give a soft ball to chew
- give a soft food (minced or box) because it’s hard to bite
- do not use mouthwash that would make him salivate
Signs of a dental condition
- bad breath due to the development of germs
- excessive salivation due to difficulty swallowing
- anorexia (no longer eating) due to pain
The consequences of poor dental hygiene
- bad breath
- difficult chewing
- loss of appetite
- excessive salivation