Dog treatment: To take care of your dog, you must equip yourself in small equipment (scissors, bands, tweezer …), drugs, without “playing” the veterinarian.
It is useful to have some medicines at home to provide first-aid care and gestures. We propose you to constitute a real kit of care .
Dog Treatment- The “basics”:
• Alcohol: you can buy soaked compresses all ready in the pharmacist
• Betadine or iodized alcohol
• Tape or elastoplast
• Hydrogen peroxide to disinfect wounds
• Marseille soap, the best disinfectant in the event of a bite
• A disinfectant spray
• Saline to clean the eyes
• Antibiotic cream for wounds
Dog Treatment- Instruments :
• Tweezers to remove herbs, ticks
• Claw cutter
• 2ml syringes to give liquid medications
• Scissors (small point-toe scissors)
• Splint in case of lameness
Dog Treatment- Other Required Things :
• Ether for ticks (ask your veterinarian for a prescription)
• An intestinal bandage for the beginning of diarrhea
• A box of antibiotics that your dog is used to avoiding allergies
• Anti-emetic syrup
Dog Treatment- The “special” parasites:
• A flea bomb
• A dewormer
• An anti- manic cream for the ears
• An anti-chili cream
You can also set up a medical pharmacy in case of mild disorders or take the first emergency measures knowing that you must consult for symptoms that last. Here are the products according to the different affections:
The antiseptics represented by alcohol, Betadine, iodized alcohol, methylene blue, hydrogen peroxide, ether or Dakin solution … are unavoidable. Warning ! These products are often irritating in pure solution. Dilution depends on the product and its specific use. Marseille soap is the simplest antiseptic that, used correctly, is very effective for the disinfection of various wounds.
An infected wound must be soaped, rinsed with large amounts of water. Subsequently, antiseptics, alcohol or iodine tincture are applied. Hydrogen peroxide is very useful for making a wound “clean and pretty”. It allows, indeed, to remove all traces of blood. Antibiotic sprays are used to prevent local infections.
For all other skin problems, you will need a product against scabies Lindane, an antimycotic product for ringworm spray and tablets. An anti-inflammatory lotion will allow you to fight against allergies and various eczema.
Diarrhea is common in dogs. It is essential that your pharmacy include:
• A gastric bandage in the form of powder or gel
• An antispasmodic to fight against the movements of the intestine
• An antibiotic acting on the digestive germs. For constipation, paraffin oil will be perfect.
Antibiotics are required to overcome any infection. (Caution: an order must always accompany them.) You will determine with your veterinarian the list of antibiotics according to the affected organs (reproductive, pulmonary …).
Dog Treatment- How to measure the temperature of your dog?
To know if your dog has a fever or not, it is important to know how to take his temperature correctly.
How to take the temperature of your dog ? This is a question that many homeowners are asking themselves. Some might think that it is not necessary to take the temperature of an animal, but it does not prevent that it is the best way to know if it has a fever or not. So, here are some tips for practicing this exercise without any incident.
Tips for taking the temperature of your dog
First of all, you have to put your dog on a table. Then, raise his tail. Beforehand, moisten the dog thermometer and gently introduce it. The hardest thing is done ! All you have to do is leave it on for a few minutes . Finally, you need to remove it and clean it with a piece of cotton.
Above all, we must not forget to note the degree reached by the mercury column. The normal temperature of the dog varies between 38 and 39 ° C. So if your dog is in this slice, do not panic! Otherwise, it may mean that he is smelling something and other exams may be necessary for the vet.
Dog Treatment- How to give a drug to your dog?
Do not try to surprise your dog to administer a drug because it will not be taken twice. You must either hold it with a firm hand by the skin of the neck as if you wish to lift it, or simply that you lift the chine, maintaining in both cases, the head of the dog a little behind .
It is best to find the formula that best suits your dog: sugar, powder, drops, paste, tablets. Always take medication doses based on your dog’s weight and duration of treatment. Do not force your dog to swallow a drug, he may swallow. Mix it with his favorite dish. If he salivates a little after ingesting a product, do not worry.
Give a tablet to your dog
Hold it between your thumb and forefinger, open the mouth of the dog by pressing the corners of the lips and put the tablet at the bottom of the throat, close the mouth and massage the throat. The tablets can also be slipped into a piece of meat or cheese. Check that he has not kept the tablet in his mouth.
Give a liquid to your dog
Put a needle-free syringe at the corners of the lips so that the dog does not bite the syringe. Turn the dog’s head back a little, holding it by the skin of the neck. He then opens his mouth automatically. Pour the product gently. Make the drink on the syringe to make him swallow the product.
For puppies, it is better to choose a product in the form of drops. They can also easily be mixed with the diet.
This is a very useful presentation for dogs a little difficult. They make no difficulty in swallowing the prescribed medications. You will find, for example, dewormers, contraceptives, digestive products, etc., in the form of sugars.
The term “sugar” only defines the presentation, these products are not composed of sugar per se and are not dangerous for the health of the dog.
How to do an enema to your dog?
After introducing the (well-oiled) cannula of a pear into the dog’s rectum, empty the contents slowly into the intestine. After having extracted it, hold the tail of the animal tightly between the legs for about ten minutes.
How to put a suppository to your dog?
Introduce it into the rectum of the dog, and firmly tighten the dog’s tail between the legs for a few minutes.
The advice of the veterinarian to give a tablet to your dog
Here’s how to give my dog a tablet:
1) Some tablets are said appetizing, that is to say that they are taken spontaneously by dogs because they have good taste. These are the easiest to administer! Put the tablet with a small dose of croquettes or directly by hand. Unfortunately, not all tablets exist in appetizing version!
2) Another technique to administer a tablet, by coating it in a food that he likes, such as processed cheese, a meatball. You need to prepare a small pellet large enough to hide the tablet but small enough to be swallowed in one bite. Avoid crushing the tablet which often spreads bitter taste and deters the dog from tasting.
3) You can also place the tablet directly in the bottom of your dog’s mouth. By getting to the far enough place, on the base of the tongue, your dog will only have the opportunity to swallow it at once. Very effective this method, can be taught to you by the nurse’s aide of your veterinary clinic.
4) Whatever the chosen technique, be positive, calm and do not get upset. Your dog should not keep a bad experience of this administration.
In conclusion : Appetizing tablets taken spontaneously, hidden in a mouthful of food or administered directly in the mouth, there are several techniques, you find the one that suits your dog and do not forget to congratulate once the tablet swallowed.
Dog Treatment- How to do a bandage of your dog?
It is often the case that the dog gets injured or suffers inflammations or trauma even in the absence of wounds. It is then necessary to use protections like dressings, leggings or others, likely to prevent it from licking on the sick places (brushed with a drug solution), or to tear the bandage with his teeth.
To make a good bandage for your dog, you will need cotton, gauze and plaster, or a small elastic net. After disinfecting the wound, spread the ointment or sprinkle the medicated powder, before covering the lesion with a piece of gauze, then cotton. You will then choose one of the following bandages.
You wrap a relatively wide band all around the injured part, being careful that the thickness of the bandage is the same everywhere. This type of bandage is specially used for the trunk and neck. It is very important not to over tighten the band: your poor animal would be suffering from breathing difficulties!
It is used throughout the length of the limbs, or just for the legs. In any case, it is important to include the toes in the bandage. It is also through them that you start, holding the band so that the roller is at the top.
After inserting small pieces of cotton between the toes, have the band describe a normal lap, then a sideways lap from bottom to top, then a normal lap followed by another at an angle, and so on … When you have finished your masterpiece, fix it by sticking it with a few rounds of plaster.
You will use it when you want to immobilize a part of the body (a member, for example) that you suspect fractured, to prevent the damage worsens before the arrival of the veterinarian, because of the movements of the dog. You first make a normal bandage, with a layer of cotton and a band.
You then apply splints on all four sides of the area to be immobilized, and then wrap them with a layer of cotton, which you finally fix with a few rounds of plaster. You will have two bands on top of each other.
It is a kind of plastic funnel that is wrapped around the dog’s neck to prevent it from licking or scratching its head. If you prefer the artisanal method, you can also remove the bottom of a plastic bucket approximately the size of your dog’s head. You will then put the head of the animal in the bucket, which you will fix on his collar.
Dog Treatment- Examine Your Dog
Prevention is better than cure. Medical prevention, along with diet and hygiene, will keep your dog healthy.
Ensuring regular care for your dog allows you to constantly monitor your health. For that, one must know how to hold it and by what methods to examine it.
For a dog that can be easily manipulated, simply hold his mouth, then the skin of the neck, and you can inspect it from every angle. If he is more agitated, muzzle him. It is a preventive measure that will calm him down. A simple thong of fabric will suffice. To do this, tie a knot above the jaw, then cross below the jaw and attach the tie behind the ears.
The eyes: They offer a very precise criterion of the health of a dog. For the exam, you must pull on the lower eyelid, down. We then observe the conjunctiva, it must be pink.
Belly: The palpation of the abdomen is very important. In a healthy dog, it must be painless and the belly is soft.
Peeling : Inspecting the coat is an obligatory step. You have to look between the pads, under the armpits and at the lower back. These are the favorite locations of parasites.
Dog Treatment- How to tell if your dog is sick?
Your dog does not seem to be on his plate? He hides, eats less … Your dog may be sick.
Your dog does not eat anymore, he hides, his hair is stung, he does not drink anymore, he looks for your affection while being irritable? He may be affected by one of the major diseases of the dog , to find out:
Take its temperature
Use a digital thermometer, coat it with fat, introduce it into the rectum because otherwise the temperature is not exact (normal temperature is 38.5 ° C).
Look at the mucous membranes
Pull on the lower eyelid of the eye. If it is white or yellow, there is something wrong. If it is white, the dog lacks red blood cells, if it is yellow, he is sick of the liver. The dog has a third eyelid, if it is visible, it surely has digestive worms or intestinal disease.
Palpate the abdomen
Put one hand on each side of the belly: the palpation should not be painful. If it is hard, the dog may be constipated. If he’s fat, he surely has worms.
Control the excrement
If the color of the urine is cloudy or dark, collect it on cotton for analysis by the veterinarian. To collect the stool for the same purpose, you can use Sopalin.
Examine the skin: The fold of skin
By a simple gesture (grab the skin of the neck, then release it), you can detect a sign of dehydration. If the skin resumes its place, the dog is not dehydrated, if the fold remains, the dog is dehydrated: in this case, give him the state of the dentition is also a revealer of the health of the dog drink to the syringe.
Veterinary advice to know if my dog is sick
My patients often ask me about signs that may make them think their dog is sick. So let’s see together the elements to answer this question:
- The first sign that lets you know if your dog is sick or not is the assessment of his general condition. This is something your veterinarian will need. It is a question of assessing one’s appetite, vivacity, enthusiasm and dynamism compared to usual. Only you, who live with your dog and who know him well, can evaluate these parameters and judge their normality or not.
- Precise tracking of your pet’s weight is also an important criterion. You can trust what you feel when you stroke your spine or chest. If you feel bony prominences or ribs that you are not used to feeling, this can be a sign of weight loss. However, the only justice of the peace is the balance. If you have a doubt, it is best to weigh yourself with your pet and then without your pet and to make the difference. In case of unexplained weight loss, consultation is required.
- Finally, the last element to know if your dog is sick is to make sure that it does not express any important symptoms such as fever, abnormal urine color or difficulty breathing.
> If your dog has an alteration in his general condition, weight loss, or if he has symptoms, he may be ill and it is important to consult your veterinarian to identify the cause and treat it effectively. Take no chances with your dog’s health .
Dog Treatment- A beautiful truffle for good health?
If your dog’s truffle is not as usual, it should be paid attention to ensure that he is well and does not suffer from any disease.
Very often we hear: “My dog is sick, his truffle is dry … He has no fever, his truffle is cold …”. In fact, the state of the dog’s truffle is a sign that can alert the owner but that, on its own, does not mean much.
What should a “normal” truffle look like?
A more thorough examination is needed to clarify the condition of the dog. There are very sick dogs whose truffles seem quite normal. The normal truffle is cold, wet and shiny. In general it is black. During sleep, it is warmer and drier. In some cases of diseases, the truffle presents symptoms of different types.
The runoff of the nose called jetage, can be clear as water or thick, yellow or greenish. In this case it is better to consult the veterinarian. If there is only one nostril, it is often a local lesion affecting the sinuses or teeth, or the presence of a foreign body.
States of the truffle and diseases
In some cases, we notice a drying of the truffle (the truffle of the dog is dry). These can be serious disorders, but this can also be simply a sign of fatigue, for example after an illness or after a period of breastfeeding. But desiccation of the truffle can also be caused by kidney or liver failure. This also occurs in distemper, one of the symptoms of which is a hardening of the foot pads and truffle.
As you can see, the changes in the condition of the truffle reflect a variety of disorders, which require a thorough examination before making a diagnosis too hasty .
The truffle can be the seat of crevassesoften painful and difficult to treat. These cracks generally reflect a food imbalance, and are aggravated by cold and de-icing salts. The diet must be corrected and local treatments applied to the lesions.
In certain diseases of allergic origin, the truffle has lesions of excoriations . As with most allergic diseases, the treatments are long and often disappointing.
In dogs whose truffles have light spots, there are photo-sensitization accidents, that is to say sunburns. It is necessary to protect the dog thanks to sun creams, and even to envisage tattooing the clear zones. This is rare in dogs, whose pigmentation is always very intense.
The state of the truffle therefore reveals the general health of the dog but this is only a symptom that fits into a comprehensive general examination to detect a benign or more serious disorder.
Dog Treatment- The main diseases of dogs
Your dog can unfortunately get sick, here are the main diseases and pathologies, their symptoms and remedies:
Welcoming a new animal at home is always a strong emotional moment. But keep in mind that like humans, they are vulnerable to species- specific diseases .
So, as soon as your four-legged companion arrives, you will have to make sure that you vaccinate him / her against common pathologies in your veterinarian. They are often at the origin of the main diseases of the dog.
The symptoms of contagious hepatitis are very similar to those of distemper and can be prevented by vaccination . The suffering animal will be able to display some or all of the following signs:
– High temperature that can exceed 40 degrees
– Loss of appetite and weight
– Swollen throat
– Abundant diarrhea with blood loss
– Opacity of the cornea becomes bluer.
Redoubtable, distemper causes symptoms in the dog that can not escape the vigilance of his master. Be careful if you detect the following clues: this viral infection is very contagious !
– High fever
– Purulent flow of eyes and nostrils
– Lack of appetite, weight loss
– Opacity of the cornea for the most severe cases
This disease can be prevented by vaccinating your dog .
Parvovirus is a very serious infectious and viral disease but fortunately avoidable if the dog is vaccinated. Its symptoms are:
– High dehydration
– Haemorrhagic diarrhea
– Total loss of appetite
– Hyperthermia (increased body temperature)
This disease is widespread in puppies purchased in high density dog communities . As for the previous ones, you will save your pet many pains by vaccinating him as soon as he is acquired (if he has not already done so).
– Strong coughing quintessine with threat of pneumonia
– Inflammation of the pharynx
– Purulent flow of the nostrils
– Flowing eyes
– Lack of appetite and sadness
The leptospirosis is a highly contagious between dogs and is transmitted by the droppings of rats or polluted water. It is reflected by the following signs:
– Yellowish then hemorrhagic diarrhea
– Heart failure
– Renal insufficiency
– Yellow mucous membranes
Well known, rabies is probably the first disease that is associated spontaneously with the dog. The rabies vaccine will relieve you of this risk causing the following symptoms:
– Fury access
– Abundant salivation
– Need to bite
– Paralysis of the pharynx in the final phase
Unfortunately for the animal, death is near when the symptoms have appeared.
This disease, also known as tick fever , commonly appears in the fall. Very virulent, it is characterized by:
– Dark red urine
– Signs of anemia, jaundice (jaundice)
– Loss of appetite
If you notice these symptoms in your dog, run to your vet! He will administer two injections 48 hours apart that will save your dog if it is not too late.
Leishmaniasis and heartworm disease
Both infections are common in the Mediterranean and tropical countries. They are transmitted by mosquitoes .
Symptoms of heartworm disease ( heartworm ) :
– Fatigability to the effort
– Cough who settles
– Cardiac disorders which can cause secondarily syncope.
– Lesions in other organs.
With regard to leishmaniasis , the symptoms are many and the dog may not all suffer. Nevertheless, the most common are:
– Slimming of the muscles of the face
– Lack of appetite
– Cutaneous symptoms (the hairs fall especially at the level of the head and one observes fine and very abundant films).
The dog can contract tetanus during a walk for example. 5 to 20 days later , we can then observe the following signs:
– Impossibility to open the mouth
– Abnormal contractures
– Ears abnormally erect and
– Abnormal salivation – Rigid approach
If you notice that your pet has these signs, you should go to your veterinarian immediately . Tetanus is of course a disease against which your dog is normally vaccinated if you acquired it in a pet shop.
To know more, do not hesitate to consult our lexicon of the diseases of the dog
To protect your pet, do not forget to insure it with mutual animal health