Prevention of dogs diseases
All about prevention of dogs diseases: vaccination and deworming of the dog.
Vaccine for dogs diseases:
There is often confusion between serum and vaccine . The dog vaccine protects the animal against the main dogs diseases, often viral, by stimulating the body to make antibodies that will be used in case of infection by the disease in question.
Serum is an injection of antibodies that are rapidly destroyed by the body and will need to be renewed.
Some puppies receive, before 2 months, sera against the distemper , for example, but it will still be necessary to vaccinate them from 2 months, by doing two successive injections, because the injection of the serum is not the first one. -vaccination.
Warning: an animal is not protected against a disease until fifteen days after the second injection. The primary immunization comprises, in effect, two injections at one month intervals. As an annual reminder, the effect is immediate.
The dog vaccines can be combined safely and vaccine reactions are rare. It is useless tovaccinate a puppy before 2 months because its immune system is not developed enough to ensure the manufacture of antibodies (except for parvovirus, against which the puppies are vaccinated from 5 to 6 weeks on farms).
They are called “CHLRP”: distemper, hepatitis , leptospirosis , rabies and parvovirus . There is also a vaccine against piroplasmosis, parasitic disease transmitted by ticks, but it is not done routinely.
These vaccines are from 2 months, except that for rabies which is from 3 months. Reminders are done one month later, except for rabies that requires only one injection. But for all vaccines, there is a reminder every year.
Puppy 2 months old: CHLP
at 3 months: CHLRP
at 1 year: CHLRP.
If one wants the body of the dog to contain antibodies permanently, the vaccines injections must be practiced until the end of his life.
Anti-rabies vaccination is the only legally required for border crossing, exhibitions, residency in contaminated departments, stay in campsites …
But all vaccines will be required to put the animal in boarding, for example.
To summarize, vaccinations helps to protect dogs against following dogs diseases:
- Viral gastroenteritis or parvovirus
- Carré’s disease
- contagious hepatitis or Rubarth disease
- adenovirus respiratory diseases
It should be noted that some prevention and vaccination costs may be reimbursed by an animal insurance company
Veterinary advice: Why vaccinate your dog?
Veterinarians give these advice’s on vaccines in your dog in 3 points:
So, why vaccinate your dog?
Vaccination is an act of prevention against certain viral, bacterial and parasitic diseases that can be fatal. This vaccination stimulates the body’s immune system and helps to resist infectious agents. A dog can be contaminated by stool, urine, jet (snot), postillion and through external parasites (fleas, ticks and mosquitoes).
Against which dogs diseases to vaccinate?
Now, what are the main diseases of the dog against which to vaccinate? The main viral diseases are:
– squamous (fever, respiratory, digestive, ocular …)
– parvovirus (gastroenteritis haemorrhagic);
– kennel cough (contagious tracheobronchitis);
– rubarth hepatitis (severe liver injury, fever and gastroenteritis)
– and rabies.
It is also possible to vaccinate against bacteria such as leptospirosis (gastroenteritis hemorrhagic, jaundice, kidney damage) and parasites transmitted by ticks (piroplasmosis, Lyme disease for example).
What is the vaccination protocol?
Finally, the vaccination protocol is to have your veterinarian practice 2 to 3 vaccines 3 to 4 weeks apart at the time of the primary vaccination (whether it is a puppy as young as 7 weeks old or adult), then the vaccine booster is to be repeated every year.
An advice : vaccination should be done on a healthy animal and think deworm your dog a few days before the vaccine
The adage to remember: Prevention is better than cure !!!!!!
Vaccination of the dogs diseases against which you can protect:
From two months, you can have your puppy vaccinated against the main diseases of dogs . Depending on the conditions of your pet, you should, with the help of your vet, estimate with which viruses your dog could be in contact. Here are the diseases against which you can protect your pet.
Vaccination against rabies is aimed at older dogs at least 3 months. This vaccine is given with a single injection . Even if no case of rabies has been detected in France since 2001, some kennels will not accept your dog if he is not vaccinated. It will be mandatory if you go abroad for example.
Vaccine against distemper
The distemper must be prevented by a vaccine. It is very dangerous and affects all dogs, young and old. It is very contagious and can be deadly for the dog. It causes respiratory infections , tremors, vomiting and / or diarrhea.
Vaccine against parvovirus
The parvovirus is found in places with strong canine concentration : in shelters, kennels, pet shops, etc. The disease most often attacks the gastrointestinal tract of the dog and causes haemorrhagic viral diarrhea. To prevent this disease if your dog lives in a risky place, the vaccine is essential.
Contagious canine hepatitis
Also known as Rubarth Disease, this disease can be prevented by a vaccine. It is however more and more rare in dogs . It is about the same as human hepatitis (it attacks the liver of animals) and can be accompanied by irreversible eye problems. Our dogs can contract it if they come into contact with foxes or contaminated dogs, for example.
The kennel cough is a disease that occurs in farms or kennels, and is characterized by violent coughing . You will be asked to vaccinate your dog against kennel cough if you put him in boarding house.
Your puppy can be vaccinated against piroplasmosis from 5 months. It will protect him from this disease transmitted by ticks. Piroplasmosis can cause fatal jaundice in dogs. The vaccine against piroplasmosis will be more effective if the dog has never had the disease.
The leptospirosis is a disease transmitted by the urine of rodents. It causes a very serious liver infection and kidney infection that often causes death of the animal.
The vaccination is very little pain but if your dog is susceptible, the vaccine against kennel cough can for example be administered by the respiratory tract.
Vaccinations usually do not cause any side effects . A small ball may exceptionally form at the site of the bite but it disappears in a few days. Even more exceptional, your dog could report a general abatement, in this case, ask your veterinarian for advice.
Know also that every year, you must have reminders of vaccines for your dog by a veterinarian.
Since September 2011, there is a vaccine against canine leishmaniasis .
It is of course advisable to screen dogs with leishmaniasis before taking the first vaccination: this is the reason why your vet will suggest that you take a blood test before starting the protocol.
Vaccination is done on dogs at least 6 months old and can not be combined with other vaccines.
Vaccination of dogs diseases in 8 questions:
Are vaccines always effective?
Yes, if the dog’s immune system allows the manufacture of antibodies. A check could be made by taking a blood test and measuring the antibodies according to the vaccination made. Some dogs can be vaccinated but have not made antibodies.
Are vaccines sick?
Vaccination can result in a febrile, minor reaction within 48 hours. Allergies, more serious, may exist. The dog then starts to swell in the hours following the injection. An anti-inflammatory is injected urgently and the vaccination will be redone.
Can the dog eat after the vaccine?
Yes, it can also run, travel … Anyway, if there must be a reaction, the activity of the dog after the vaccine will not change anything.
Should we worm it before vaccination?
Yes, this is preferable. It is advisable to deworm the puppy a week before the scheduled date for vaccination.
Does a vaccinated mother vaccinate herself?
It transmits vaccine antibodies in colostrum which is the first liquid sucked by the young just after birth. It is therefore important to make vaccine reminders as soon as pregnancy is known.
Should we vaccinate dogs against tetanus?
This vaccination is possible, but it is not part of the usual vaccines in dogs. It is practiced in high-risk situations, mainly in dogs that live in punctual or permanent contact with horses. In fact, this germ grows in the soil and stud farms are areas that are conducive to its growth.
Can vaccines be done at any time of the year?
Yes, the injections can be done anytime, but the masters always panic at the time of the holidays because the pension or the camp-site require vaccines up to date. Warning ! For a vaccine to be valid, both injections at one month interval must have been performed. This means that a vaccine must always be given two months before the date on which it is required.
Is there a reminder date?
A limit is imposed only for anti-rabies vaccination. This date is written at the bottom of the vaccination certificate. If you do not practice the vaccine before that date, you may not be able to cross borders and be refused if you are in a situation where anti-rabies vaccination is mandatory.
Note that some prevention and vaccination costs can be reimbursed by dog insurance!
How much do the first vaccines cost for your puppy?
You want or have just bought a puppy and you wonder how much the first vaccines cost. Dr. Caroline Rousseau veterinarian in Evry in collaboration with the veterinary hospital Frégis Paris-Arcueil answers your questions:
The first visit to the veterinarian
2 to 3 days after the arrival of your little puppy at home, I like to make an acquisition visit (35 euros on average). I take your puppy from the tip of the nose to the tip of the tail to confirm his good health.
I take advantage of this first visit to tell you about preventive actions that you can perform on your puppy:
– deworming : oral or cutaneous administration of an internal parasite with a protocol of administration to be agreed with your veterinarian (3 to 10 euros depending on the weight of your puppy)
– protection against external parasites (fleas, ticks, mosquitoes ….) Oral or cutaneous administration (5 to 13 euros depending on the weight of your puppy)
– advice adapted to your personality and that of your puppy for education (0 euros)
– diet adapted to the size and breed of your puppy (0 euros)
– If your puppy is not vaccinated we can take advantage of this acquisition consultation to perform his first vaccine (consultation fee + 15 to 20 euros depending on the
vaccination protocol )
Vaccination of the puppy
Depending on the age of your puppy, you will need 3 vaccines (if your puppy is 6-7 weeks old) or 2 vaccines (if your puppy is 10 weeks old) at 3 to 4 week intervals between each vaccination (Cost vaccination consultation to be multiplied by 2 or 3 depending on the age of your puppy).
At each immunization visit, we will discuss all the initial points together and answer any questions you may have.
In conclusion : the costs of the first vaccines, when your puppy arrives at home, are in the range of 120 to 200 euros depending on the number of visits to your veterinarian.
Vermifuge for dogs diseases:
Indispensable for all dogs (whether they go outside or stay in an apartment), deworming is very important for the good health of your pet. This is a preventive measure against the appearance of worms.
The deworming is an important preventive measure against the development of internal parasites such as roundworms and tapeworms. Dogs are very easily prey to internal and external parasites, hence the importance of controlling the dogs diseases becomes important.
Among the dogs diseases that are common to most dogs are, internal parasitic diseases are unquestionably the most dangerous because of their frequency and the complications they can cause.
Small or big, outdoor or apartment dogs, dogs living in the country or in the city, no one escapes: they must be dewormed!
Deworming his dog: at the farmer’s and then at the master’s
The deworming a dog is a very important act. It starts very early at the farmer’s. The first deworming is done between 12 and 15 days after birth with a vermifuge to give three days in a row. The best is to do then, around 3 weeks, an injection under the skin (at the vet).
At the master’s, the puppy is then dewormed at 2 months, then once a month until 8 months, then once a year. Deworming can be done twice a year if the dog is in contact with a young child because there is a risk of contamination.
Vermifuge for dogs: the pregnant female too!
The pregnant female will be dewormed ten days before and ten days after giving birth. It must also worm one week before mating.
It should be known that a treatment against worms only has a punctual effect, it kills worms present in the body, but does not prevent another infestation (it is not a vaccine).
Do you know how to deworm your dog?
How to give a vermifuge to his dog, the advice of the vet
Here it, explains how to deworm your dog in 3 points:
What is a vermifuge?
So, let’s start by defining what a dewormer is? : it is a medicine that can kill worms living inside the digestive system of your pet, ie parasites that evolve in his stomach and intestines. Be careful, puppies are much more prone to worm infestations, they can suffer from vomiting and diarrhea, and their belly is ballooning, so they must be dewormed according to a very specific schedule. The dewormer for dogs is in tablet form (zoom on the tablet?).
How to administer this dewormer?
Now, how do you administer this dog dewormer tablet? There are 2 main ways to proceed:
Either you present the tablet in front of your dog and he swallows it as a treat because it is an appetizing tablet.
Either you open the mouth of your dog with one hand and with the other hand you push the tablet behind the lump of the tongue which will cause a reflex swallowing. Remember to always congratulate your dog after administering the tablet.
Why deworm his dog?
My advice is to worm your companion every 2 to 3 months to prevent yourself or people (children especially) in contact with your dog are contaminated by internal parasites of your dog, so do not hesitate not to take stock with your attending veterinarian.
Dewormers for dogs diseases in 5 questions
How to know if a dog has worms?
A stool analysis can be done by the veterinarian who will tell you exactly what worms are parasitizing your dog. The symptoms of heavy parasitism are weight loss and a very bloated belly, as well as frequent yawning in the puppy. In any case, deworming is done automatically as a preventive measure.
Can we catch the worms of a dog?
Yes, children are the main victims. They contaminate themselves by licking their fingers after caressing the animal. Cases of larval migrations in the body, particularly at the cerebral level, have been reported, but the contamination is not always so serious. In any case, you must be very careful with young children and respect all hygiene measures.
How many times a year do you need to deworm?
Deworming is planned as follows:
– once a month from 2 to 8 months
– once a year from 8 months in the city
– twice a month in the country or in the presence of a young child
How to give a dewormer to a dog?
Different presentations are available: tablets, oral syringes, injections. The tablets are given in one or three days in a row depending on the product and its mode of action. It is important to follow the instructions and dosage of each dewormer. Syringes are practical for small dogs. Injections are made by the veterinarian in case of significant parasitism.
Are dewormers effective against all worms?
It depends on the products and their spectrum of activity. Some dewormers act on roundworms, others on worms. The so-called polyvalent or broad-spectrum products act on these two types of worms. Other products are very specific (towards rarer such as whipworms or heartworms).
Sterilization of the dog: what advantages?
The sterilization raises many questions for teachers. This surgical practice should be considered as soon as possible for animals that are not destined to reproduce: before 6 months for small breed dogs and 10 for large dogs.
Sterilization of the bitch
In dogs, surgical sterilization consists of total or partial removal of the internal genital organs . The oophorectomy means the veterinarian performs ovary removal for hysterectomy , and that of the uterus and the ovary-hysterectomy in the ovaries and uterus.
Studies have shown that the sterilization of the dog protects it from diseases related to the action of hormones . Thus, if it is castrated after its first heat , the risks that it develops mammary tumors, ovarian cysts or a pyometra (pus in the uterus).
The sterilization of a dog therefore suppresses her heat and the possibility of a nervous pregnancy . All dogs in your area should no longer crane your gate! In addition, this operation would reduce epileptic seizures.
Sterilization of the dog
In the male, castration consists of the removal of the testicles .
As in the dog, a castration of the dog allows him to stay healthy longer . It protects against testicular tumors , makes it less brawling and no longer gives him reasons to run away! According to some breeders, a sterilized dog is indeed more peaceful.
The sterilization of the dog also reduces his desire to mark his territory with his urine. Obviously, it prevents him to fertilize the dog neighbor …
A common misconception is that dog sterilization will slow down their growth . This is absolutely not documented.
On the other hand, there is a risk associated with sterilization in dogs: incontinence .
In general, calorie intake of sterilized dogs should be reduced.
There are two types of dog insurance:
If your dog hurts someone by knocking him down, or bites someone, you are responsible for the damage he may have caused. Normally, your liability insurance policy provides for this situation, but it is advisable to ask your insurer for confirmation or to re – read your insurance contract carefully.
Recall that if your dog bites someone, you must present the animal to the veterinarian for the three mandatory dog-baiting visits. In general, the costs incurred by these visits to the veterinarian will also be covered by insurance.
Health and Surgery Insurance
Real social security for dogs diseases, insurance companies offer different types of contracts to cover diseases or accidents of your dog. Complete packages include veterinary fees, hospital fees and medications as well as animal ambulance transportation costs.
You can opt for a less expensive formula, covering only hard knocks, for example heavy surgeries. In fact, depending on the type of life of your dog, small risks, or big risks, you can create a health insurance policy à la carte.
Life insurance. If you want to protect your dog in case you disappear before him, the insurance offers you different types of contracts so that the person who undertakes to take care of your companion after your disappearance can benefit from a capital or a monthly pension.